Hawaii is a temporary or long-term home for over 300,000 military personnel and their families – and maybe you are lucky enough to have been assigned to work or live in one of these military installations in Hawaii. REAL is happy to provide more information and answer some of the commonly asked questions about Hawaii’s military bases.
Which military branches are in Hawaii?
Every branch of the military is represented in Hawaii, including the army, navy, air force, coast guard, and marines.
What percentage of Hawaii’s population is military?
According to the Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism, about 3.6% of Hawaii’s population was in the armed forced in July 2016.
How much money does the military generate for the state of Hawaii?
After tourism, military is the second largest industry in Hawaii, so military members are welcomed to the islands. The military presence in Hawaii generates nearly $15 billion for Hawaii’s economy and adds around 102,000 jobs for Hawaii residents, or civilians, according to the Hawaii Chamber of Commerce.
What are the military installations in Hawaii?
Technically there are 11 bases across Oahu, Maui, Kauai, and the Big Island. However, there are some other stations and military buildings that also play important roles in Hawaii’s military presences. Here is more information on fourteen bases and stations located on the Hawaiian Islands:
Pacific Military Range Facility (PMRF) Barking Sands, Kauai
Located on the “Garden Isle” of Kauai, PMRF supports a variety of training exercises and developmental tests involving space, air, surface, and sub-surface units. On its 42,000 square miles of sea and airspace, there are state-of-the-art communication and telemetry suites. PMRF is the world's largest instrumented, multi-dimensional testing and training missile range. It is located near the local neighborhoods of Kekaha and Waimea.
Aliamanu Military Reservation
The Aliamanu Military Reservation is located inside a volcanic crater. Some parts of the crater hold special significance in ancient Hawaiian history, as revealed through remnants of a heiau (temple and burial terrace for ancient Hawaiians). Today, Aliamanu housing is filled with plenty to do and is near the local neighborhoods of Salt Lake, Red Hill, and Foster Village.
Bellows Air Force Station
Located on the Windward side of Oahu in the neighborhood of Waimanalo, Bellows boasts the best of Hawaii paradise: lush tropical plants, white sandy beaches, blue waters, and spectacular views of the Koolau Mountain Range and islands offshore. Bellows is near the local neighborhoods of Waimanalo, Kailua, and Hawaii Kai.
Coast Guard Air Station Barbers Point (Kalaeloa)
Located past Pearl Harbor on the Westside of Oahu, this station also serves general Oahu aviation as well as units of the Hawaii National Guard. With an 18-hole golf course and beach recreational areas, this is a beautiful station. The local neighborhoods include Kapolei, Ewa Beach, and Makakilo.
U.S. Coast Guard Integrated Support Command (ISC) Honolulu
USCG ISC Honolulu serves as the major Coast Guard Support Command in Hawaii. With views of Downtown Hawaii, the base is located at the end of Sand Island Access Road of Nimitz Highway. This installation has a variety of recreational facilities, including fields and a swimming pool, and is located near the local neighborhoods of Kalihi, Nuuanu, and Moanalua.
Fort Shafter has a reputation as one of the most beautiful military installations in the world with rolling hills and tall palm trees. It is the oldest Army installation in Hawaii, established in 1907. USARPAC, the Army Service Component Command to the U.S. Pacific Command, provides advanced regional security, peacekeeping operations, and responses to crises. Fort Shafter is located near the neighborhoods of Kalihi, Moanalua, Salt Lake, and Kakaako.
Helemano Military Reservation
North of the neighborhood of Wahiawa, as you are driving toward Oahu’s North Shore, Helemano Military Reservation (HMR) serves as the home to the 125th Signal Battalion. 600 family units, a chapel, a fitness center, and store are housed here, surrounded by pineapple fields.
Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam (JBPHH)
These two historic bases were combined into a single joint installation for both Air Force and Navy missions. The total base population is over 66,300 active duty personal, civilians, and family members – the largest per capita installation on the Hawaiian Islands. Convenient neighborhoods to buy a home near JBPHH are Salt Lake, Aiea, Waimalu, Moanalua, Pearl City, Kalihi, Kaneohe, and Kakaako.
The historic Pearl Harbor complex includes Naval Base Pearl Harbor, Naval Station, Naval Shipyard, Fleet and Industrial Supply Center, and the Naval Medical and Dental Clinics. Outside the base are headquarters of the Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet, Joint Intelligence Center Pacific, and the Personnel Support Activity Detachment (PSD).
Nine miles from Downtown Honolulu is Hickam Air Force Base, home to the 15th Air Base Wing and the Pacific Air Forces Headquarters. The base encompasses more than 2,800 acres on Oahu’s southern shore. Hickam not only borders the Pearl Harbor complex, but also the Daniel K. Inouye International Airport (HNL).
Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH) Camp H.M. Smith
Camp Smith is located atop a ridge of the Koolau mountains, boasting a stunning view. The 224-acre site is headquarters to the Pacific Command (PACOM), which is responsible for all military operations throughout the Pacific and Indian Oceans. It is also home of the Fleet Marine Force, Pacific. Nearby neighborhoods include Aiea, Salt Lake, Waimalu, Pearl City, Kaneohe, Waipahu, and Mililani.
Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH) Kaneohe Bay
On the windward side of Oahu, at the end of the H-3 freeway, lies MCBH Kaneohe Bay. Between the neighborhoods of Kailua and Kaneohe, on the Mokapu Peninsula, MCBH Kaneohe Bay houses III Marine Expeditionary Forces Hawaii and the Marine Forces Pacific Band. This base is home to 8000 marines and sailors who have access to pristine private beaches and a golf course.
Naval Computer & Telecommunications Area Master Station (NCTAMA), Pacific (PAC) – Wahiawa Annex JBPHH
NCTAMA PAC JBPHH Wahiawa Annex is the largest communication station in the world. It is located about three miles north of the neighborhood of Wahiawa on 700 acres in the Koolau mountain forests. Command mission is to provide communications to all Naval commands in the Pacific area as well as to Army, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and Air Force commands. Other nearby neighborhoods include Haleiwa, Waialua, Mililani, Waipahu, and Pearl City.
At the bottom of the Waianae mountain range in central Oahu is Schofield Barracks, the largest army base on the island. Schofield Barracks is home of the 25th Infantry Division and 8th Theatre Sustainment Command. Most of the three-story barracks were built between 1914 and 1933, bringing to life the history of the base. Close by neighborhoods include Wahiawa, Haleiwa, Waialua, Mililani, Waipahu, and Pearl City.
Tripler Army Medical Center
The highly visible pink walls of Tripler Hospital are an architectural icon to Oahu residents. Tripler Hospital is located on Moanalua Ridge near Fort Shafter and provides both inpatient and outpatient services to active duty, retired, and veteran personnel and their families. Nearby neighborhoods include Moanalua, Salt Lake, Kalihi, Honolulu, and Aiea.
Wheeler Army Airfield
Historical moments on this installation include the first non-stop flight to the mainland in 1927 and the first flight by a woman, Amelia Earhart, to California in 1935. Now Wheeler Army Airfield is used by the 25th Infantry Division (Light). Convenient neighborhoods to Wheeler are Mililani, Waipio, Wahiawa, Haleiwa, Waialua, Pearl City, and Waipahu.
Where is the naval base in Hawaii?
Of all the military installations in Hawaii, the joint base Pearl Harbor-Hickam is the largest and also probably the most well known worldwide. The U.S. Naval base in Hawaii is the Naval Station at Pearl Harbor and is located near Honolulu, Oahu, by the Honolulu International Airport. This was the site of the Japanese attack in World War II that triggered the U.S. entry into the war.
The military installations in Hawaii play an important role in the economy as well as the real estate sector. And the U.S. military’s role in Hawaii has had historical effects in international history. Many military members travel to the islands each year to work and live on one of the military installations – all while serving the United States and protecting its people.